During recent years, an increasing percentage of male infertility has to be attributed to an array of environmental, health and lifestyle factors. Male infertility is likely to be affected by the intense exposure to heat and extreme exposure to pesticides, radiations, radioactivity and other hazardous substances. We are surrounded by several types of ionizing and non-ionizing radiations and both have recognized causative effects on spermatogenesis. Since it is impossible to cover all types of radiation sources and their biological effects under a single title, this review is focusing on radiation deriving from cell phones, laptops, Wi-Fi and microwave ovens, as these are the most common sources of non-ionizing radiations, which may contribute to the cause of infertility by exploring the effect of exposure to radiofrequency radiations on the male fertility pattern.
Salpingitis Impairs Bovine Tubal Function and Sperm-Oviduct Interaction
Low sperm count - NHS
Over the past 20 years, the use of mobile phones has increased exponentially Gorpinchenko et al. In the United States, there is approximately one device in use per person, and well above more than one person in European countries such as Germany, Denmark and Italy U. Census Bureau,
We have previously shown the presence of a cellular autoimmune response against prostate antigens in a group of chronic prostatitis patients. Our main goal was to investigate whether chronic prostatitis either caused by an infection or an autoimmune response to the prostate gland could have a deleterious effect on semen quality. Healthy normal individuals were included as controls. Measurements for sperm concentration, motility, morphology, prostate and seminal vesicle markers, antisperm antibodies, white blood cells and pro-inflammatory cytokines were performed accordingly. RESULTS: The most severe abnormalities were seen in patients with no evident infection and an autoimmune response against prostate antigens.